Contact Illinois Drug Rehab For Help
With Chicago being one of the largest cities in the US, along with being the main portal for distribution in the Midwest, Illinois is certainly a hot spot for smuggling and drug use in the US today. With diverse routes for transportation, Illinois is an ideal hub for drug trafficking. Along with the growing problems with substance addiction, violent crimes have been on the rise in Illinois due to the large amount of illegal drug trafficking occurring every day.
In 2009 alone, over 80,000 individuals were admitted into Illinois drug rehab treatment programs. The records also show that 18% of this accounts for alcohol abuse, while the rest are represented by cocaine, marijuana, and heroin addiction. To date, cocaine addiction is considered to have the widest distribution in the urban areas of Illinois. More patients are admitted to emergency rooms because of the drug related effects of cocaine than any other drug. In fact, treatment for abuse of cocaine was cited to have the highest record, with drug convictions and admissions that confirm its dominance in Illinois. Next to cocaine, heroin addiction also poses a serious threat to health and safety in Illinois. While concentrated in the poorer west side communities of Chicago, the effects of heroin addiction are felt all over the state, with large amounts of drug related crime associated with the sale and distribution of this very dangerous drug.
Illinois-Drug addiction trends
Teen and drug use trends
The teen drug use epidemic has been receiving a great amount of attention from officials. In recent survey, 70,000 adolescents admitted to regularly using marijuana. Another 49,000 people admitted to using drugs other than marijuana in the report. Of those admitting to drug use, 33,000 males and 32,000 females used pain relievers for non-medical reasons. Men were more likely to use illicit drugs than women. According to the research, more men needed formal treatment for their substance abuse problems but failed to receive the proper care. There were 28,000 males and 31,000 males did not receive treatment for their substance abuse problems even though it was needed. Young females were found to be twice as likely to experience long episodes of major depressive episodes in the previous year. Males were found to be more likely to experiment with drugs other than marijuana. Recent research explored the prevalence of pain reliever use in teens for non-medical reasons. The research showed that 33,000 males and 32,000 women had abused prescription drugs in previous year. In Illinois, 75 percent of teens admitted into substance abuse programs were males. Over 90 percent of those admitted into a substance abuse counseling program were admitted for drug-related issues. Forty-eight percent of males were admitted into rehab for substance abuse problems and an additional 46.3 percent of males were admitted for extensive alcohol and drug abuse. For female admissions, 39 percent of those who were admitted were done so because of drug use. Forty-nine percent of females were admitted into rehab for alcohol and drug use. Among the teen males who were admitted into care, 93 percent were admitted for marijuana use. Women accounted for eighty-three percent of admissions into rehab and substance abuse counseling programs. The rate of cocaine use wasn’t as high among teens; 6.3 percent of males and 2.9 percent of females were treated for cocaine addiction.
Marijuana reform and sentencing
Marijuana reform has become a hot topic in many states, including the state of Illinois. Illinois has recently had to confront some of the similar challenges through its medical marijuana reform policies. Recent provisions in the law have changed the way possession is handled in the criminal justice system. Laws state that a person can be sentenced anywhere from 30 days to a full year in jail. In unique circumstances, a judge can agree to grant a probationary period of 24 months. The laws apply to first time offenders and are quite lenient when compared to similar laws in other states. Penalties can escalate if a person is a repeat offender.
Medical marijuana, a quagmire for sick patients in need
One of the additional challenges in medical marijuana reform has had an adverse impact on its citizens. Recent changes in how medical dispensaries operate may affect sick Illinois patients who were prescribed the drug for pain complications from chronic illnesses. Proposed measures in the state of Illinois are exploring the opportunity of assessing a $5,000 in application fee in order to open a dispensary. Dispensaries will be required to pay annual permit renewal fees in the amount of $25,000 to continue operating. All business owners will be forced to show proof of $400,000 in assets and pay an initial $30,000 permit fee to open the business. For cultivation centers, a $25,000 application fees is required to operate. Cultivation centers must be prepared to pay a $200,000 permit fee to conduct business. Annually, the business will be required to pay an additional $100,000. The owner of a medical marijuana dispensary in Illinois must show that it has $250,000 in liquid assets. Advocates and critics of the proposed policy worry that patients may be affected directly by these startup fees and will ultimately have to pay more to receive the desired treatment as business owners will likely pass on the costs to consumers. Critics believe that these fees could interfere with their ability to have access to affordable, cost-neutral care.
Sentencing reform discussion
Illinois has a high number of incarcerations for adults for drug-related offenses. The CIR reviewed the costs associated with alternative sentencing practices and compared it to traditional sentencing protocols. The financial information provided by the Illinois Department of Corrections revealed that alternative sentencing was more cost-effective for taxpayers. The programs focus on cognitive therapy, rehabilitation and consistent supervision to help individuals transform their lives. Revisiting mandatory sentencing requirements for drug offenses was viewed as a necessary discussion for managing the exploding jail population in the state. The current policies for mandatory sentencing resulted in a 57 percent increase in incarcerations for drug-related offenses between years 1993 and 2002. In 1988, drug-related offenses accounted for 15 percent of the arrests made. In 2002, that rate climbed to 42 percent. Current trends in Illinois suggest that mandatory drug treatment sentencing is becoming more of a necessity and is becoming increasingly popular in managing nonviolent offenders. In 1990, only 12 percent of people were required to participate in a drug treatment program as a part of their sentencing. In 2000, 35 percent of those arrested were required to receive drug addiction and counseling.
Other facts on drug arrests in Illinois:
- In 2002, 53 percent of arrests made were for small quantities of a controlled substance
- Fifty percent of those arrested in 2002 were placed on probation while the remaining 50 percent were required to serve prison time
- The average length of time spent in a substance abuse program in 2002 was for 10.8 months
- In the state of Illinois, 69 percent of the adults incarcerated were arrested on drug charges
- The IDOC estimates that 25,000 of inmates would be good candidates for rehabilitation
- In 2003, $246 million was spent by taxpayers for incarceration for drug-related offenses; it takes approximately $22,000 to house an inmate for an entire year
- The recidivism rate was for 54 percent for inmates released on drug offenses in 2001; research indicates this amount could be lowered by nearly 31 percent with broader access to rehabilitation programs
- With the creation of the Impact Incarceration Program, the state has saved $54 million on incarceration for nonviolent drug offenders
- If 10 percent of those who were arrested for drug offenses in 2003 were sentenced to mandatory substance abuse treatment, the state could have potential savings of $17 million
Deaths, overdose and drugs in Illinois
Overall, Illinois has the 12th lowest drug overdose mortality rate in the United States. Each year, thousands of Illinois residents die of overdose from drugs. According to the state, over 5 percent of deaths each year are directly related to alcohol or drugs. Drug and substance related deaths in Illinois can account for $3.5 billion in costs. For every 10,000 people, 10 will die from drug overdose, research indicates. Majority of the drug deaths that occurred in Illinois resulted from drug overdose, according to the Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Stop the Epidemic report. The rate of overdose for prescription drugs climbed to 49 percent since 1999.
Prescription monitoring plans in Illinois
The rate of prescription drug overdose is a major public health concern. The prescription monitoring program has been successful in empowering physicians and encouraging recommended best practices for responsibly dispensing medications to patients. The Illinois Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) serves as an online repository dedicated to tracking medications. The goal of the program is to prevent the misuse and abuse of prescription drug medications. The data is available online for six months. All of the information stored online is kept on record for two years. Each week, retail pharmacies issue reports on all of the prescriptions filled at their location. All Schedule 2, 3, 4 and 5 medications are tracked along with patient data in these databases.
Alternative treatment programs, several notable pilot programs
Illinois has been an experimental setting for pilots and projects addressing drug crime issues. Shortly after taking her position as the Illinois Department of Corrections, Director Michael Randle implemented significant changes to how offenders were treated through criminal justice programs. The programs were changed to provide broader access to treatment programs for offenders. Sheridan created a revamped treatment model that required inmates to remain in drug treatment programs for at least nine months. The average inmate stays in treatment between nine and 12 months. Some inmates were required to undergo treatment and receive intensive counseling after they complete the initial portion of the drug treatment program. In this program, individuals have greater access to parenting or anger management counseling if necessary. These individuals can receive ongoing support upon completing both stages of care if they were required to finish both programs. In this treatment model, the recidivism rate declined by 44 percent for those enrolled in the program. Among those who had spent at least nine months in a program, the recidivism rate dropped by 49 percent. It is estimated that the state saved approximately $2.1 million as a result of the innovative pilot program.
Private organizations have been instrumental in creating opportunities for juveniles to get re-integrated into a system. One such program provided a substantial grant to the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission. As a part of this program, juveniles would be provided with the opportunity to receive counseling and support to lower their chances of reentering the system. Currently, 50 percent of underage offenders end up reentering the system. Students are required to work with a case manager, therapist and drug counseling specialists to turn their lives around. Juveniles in the program can also learn a trade, a measure designed to cut unemployment among adolescents, which increases a person’s chances of relapse and engagement in illicit drug use.
A newly launched methamphetamine treatment program for juveniles will provide access to care and treatment for meth-addicted juveniles. Individuals between 10 and 16 are eligible to receive treatment and counseling for their substance abuse problem. As a part of the 180-day program, individuals can receive mental health counseling and assistance for medical treatment. Individuals who complete the program enter a re-entry phase that is closely supervised as they prepare re-enter society again. Juveniles remain under close supervision while receiving counseling.
In a joint program ran by Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse (OASA) and the Bureau of Violence Prevention and Intervention, a pilot program was launched to target domestic violence victims. Between 2000 and 2001, all women who showed interest in receiving substance abuse counseling and domestic violence were provided the care. As a part of the program, domestic violence and substance abuse counseling were offered to female victims of domestic violence. Those who remained in the integrated program saw significant improvements in multiple areas. Almost 80 percent of women who had received counseling completed 20 sessions. Drug and alcohol abuse decreased significantly within 30 days. The percentage of participants who had not taken drugs in 30 days increased from 57 percent to 87 percent. The number of women who weren’t arrested after six months increased to 97 percent. Eighty-nine percent of people who received treatment stated they would recommend a similar program to others.
The Illinois Medical Cannabis Pilot Program (MCPP) administered by the state’s Department of Public Health recently began providing treatment options for those using marijuana for medicinal purposes. The new proposed program will require patients and caregivers to surrender their firearms to remain compliant with the state. The program accepts patients with certain medical backgrounds to seek this form of treatment. Thirty-five conditions are formally recognized as a part of the program. Individuals will pay an initial $150 fee and must undergo a background check. Patients will be permitted to have 2.5 ounces dispensed to them ever two weeks. A 7 percent tax assessed for all purchases will reportedly fund the enforcement requirements for the innovative program.
A recent University of Illinois explored the potential of intervention in expectant moms struggling with substance abuse. As a part of the program, women were assigned a recovery coach as a part of the program. The recovery coaches had a significant background in cognitive therapy, case management, relapse prevention and other forms of counseling. The program produced promising results, showing a significant reduction in the number of children born addicted or exposed to drugs. It also improved the chances of mothers being reunited with their children if they were removed from their home. In the groundbreaking study, 931 women who lost custody of their children were either given child welfare and counseling services while others were assigned a recovery coach in addition to other services. Twenty-one percent of mothers receiving the care services can birth to additional children exposed to drugs while 15 percent who received the services and worked with a recovery coach had children with substance abuse problems. Programs like these could save the state $5.5 million in foster care and care-related programs for children.
Alternative sentencing in action: The anatomy of a typical drug rehabilitation court
In Kane County, the County Drug Rehabilitation Court was designed to increase the amount of access to treatment. The court is charged with monitoring the behavior and activities of those entering the system. Defendants incur costs and are required to pay for a portion of the treatment required. This approach lowers court costs and taxpayer dollars over time by driving down recidivism and inspiring changes in in lifestyle. Non-violent drug offenders must undergo an intensive supervision program that involves treatment. The drug court programs bring together multiple communities and a team of professionals to provide the level of care required to help patients receive the treatment they need.
Legal issues Illinois faces in drug addiction: Drug testing
Illinois is one of many states exploring the option of requiring all residents to undergo drug testing in order to remain eligible for welfare benefits. The proposed measure House Bill 4255 would establish a program. The program would be administered through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. The initial testing would be deducted from the first disbursement. The patient can only receive benefits if they pass the drug test.
Legal issues Illinois faces in drug addiction: Child welfare and pregnant women
Illinois is one of several states that require that expectant mothers be required to undergo extensive counseling if they are believed to have a drug problem. The measure expands the right of the unborn child while providing access to treatment for pregnant women in need of care.
Legal issues Illinois faces in drug addiction: Drug transfer reform
In 2004, the Illinois General Assembly made the recommendation that juveniles convicted of selling drugs could be treated as presumptive transfers. As a part of the program, judges can exercise discretion and sentence individuals convicted of distribution to the adult system, treating juveniles as adults throughout the criminal justice system processes. Current laws allow for juveniles as young as age 13 to be transferred and treated as adult criminals.
Trends suggest the alternative treatment and diversion programs will likely be revisited to assess their effectiveness in managing substance abuse among offenders, juveniles and expectant mothers. Pilot programs comprised of public and private partnerships between the legal, public safety and medical community will play an even greater role in tackling substance abuse in Illinois.