Ohio Drug Rehab Can Help
The state of Ohio is popular for their Agriculture and the production of machinery, tools and metal products. This state has been ranked #7 in the United States as being one of the largest populated states. With a population of over 11 million people there is more of a chance to have a larger number of drug related issues to go on throughout the state. Cocaine and crack cocaine are causing the most distribution problems as well as the most abused drug in the state of Ohio. Transportation for the drugs that are being distributed around Ohio are coming from the Southwest Border and Ohio drug rehab programs are helping thousands overcome addiction.
High purity and low-cost of heroin are making the number of users go up. The young adult population that is using heroin has grown larger than ever. The Mexican black tar heroin is more popular and sold more in the markets throughout the southern part of Ohio. The Mexican black tar heroin is controlled by the Mexican criminal groups that are in Ohio. Drug traffickers take advantage of Cincinnati, Cleveland, Toledo and Columbus as their distribution sites.
The drug cocaine is distributed to Ohio from Chicago, Michigan, Detroit, and the Southwest Border. The Mexican traffickers are the main criminal groups that transport and distribute this drug to Ohio. The state of Ohio has a readily availability of Methamphetamine. This drug comes to the state as “Ice” and the Mexican drug organizations are the biggest suppliers, with a large number of Meth. You can also find Meth distributed out of small businesses but will be in lower quantities. Along with marijuana this drug can be found growing in rural areas of the state but mostly in the Southern parts of Ohio.
Ohio Drug Problems
Ohio was one of the top ten states for ratings in several drug use categories. Non medical use of pain relievers among young adults age 18 to 25 was rated as being a significant problem for the state of Ohio during the years from 2007 to 2008. Ohio was ranked as being one of the higher ranking areas for drug dependence for young adults age 18 to 25 when compared to the remaining regions of the United States.
Ohio Drug Use Statistics
There were a number of meth lab seizure incidents in the state of Ohio during the period from 2007 through 2009. The state saw an increase from 167 incidents in 2007 to 305 incidents in 2009. This was an 83 percent increase according to the El Paso Intelligence Center’s National Seizure System. An additional survey of Ohio residents reported that eight percent of those individuals living in Ohio used addictive substances and the national average for addictive substance use was eight percent as well. The deaths induced by drug use in Ohio exceeded the national rate.
Dangerous Teen Trends
Recent reports have concluded that high school alcohol and drug use may be on the decline. Older teens and young individuals are finding dangerous methods to experiment and push boundaries. There are several addictive substance trends today along with behavioral trends that are of concern for parents and communities and these trends include the following:
One form of addiction has been created with modern technology and the use of sound waves. This new phenomenon is called I-dosing. Teens plug their head phones in the down loadable MP3 recordings that are said to have sound wave effects similar to a drug high. The auditory stimulation is created by using consistent binary beats in which the tone of one frequency is played in one ear and a slightly altered beat is played into the other ear. The slightly different frequency and the repetitive sounds seem to produce an altered state of consciousness for a period of five to thirty minutes. Parents have reported that they are concerned about the addictive quality of this type of recreational behavior.
Another trending teen behavior is apparently using cough syrup as a method of brief intoxication. This newer trend began during the late nineties during the greater popularity of rap music. It is called purple drank and this term can be heard in many rap music songs. Teens can mix cough syrup with a soft drink or candy and the soft drink being used is usually Sprite and the candy selected is usually Jolly Ranchers. This concoction is popular among tween and teens and this group sees this concoction as a remedy for tension, anxiety and aggression. Robitussin DM is a popular cough syrup used and in large doses this over the counter substance can cause hallucinations. A single use can be lethal by inexperienced users. Side effects can include drowsiness, difficulty concentrating, slower physical activity, nausea and slower breathing.
Another teen behavior that appears to be trending is the activity of planking. This activity involves lying face down on any surface. Participants of the group take a photo and upload this picture to the Internet where planking groups have started a website to remember the most daring behaviors. This type of activity has caused several injuries and at least one death when one young person fell.
Vodka eye balling is another teen behavior that can have addictive consequences. Teens are avoiding the smell of alcohol on their breath by using a vodka eye balling trend. Teens are holding a bottle of vodka to their eyes and pouring the liquid directly into their eye which then absorbs the alcoholic substance through the many blood vessels around the eye. Alcohol is quickly absorbed through the membranes and enters the participant’s blood stream immediately. This dangerous use of alcohol can result in scarring and burning of the cornea and can cause blindness.
Another dangerous behavioral trend includes a choking game that uses restraints or choking in order to cut off the flow of blood to the brain. This potentially lethal teen activity is performed in order to obtain a high that comes when the restraint is released and the blood rushes back into the brain. The high feeling comes from thousands of brain cells dying because of lack of oxygen and this activity can cause long term brain damage, comas and strokes. There is no method of knowing when to let go of a restraint and several participants have passed out or have actually hanged themselves. Players of this game are wanting to feel a high without using drugs and alcohol. A recent study has indicated that as many as 250 to 1000 teens have died from playing the choking game each year. Most of these deaths have been ruled suicides.
Bath salts are another trending substance that are sold legally in alternative shops and liquor stores. Bath salts were not manufactured for human consumption and many states are trying to make this addictive substance illegal. This type of addictive concoction includes mephedrone and MDPV which are two drugs that cause significant hallucinations and psychosis. A single use of bath salts can create intense cravings that can result in three to four day binges and may end in suicide. A recent study has concluded that over 3470 calls to poison centers in 28 states have been necessary because of bath salts exposure.
Other substances are being used by teens and young adults in order to create an addictive high. Overdosing on supplements has become a national concern as well. As many as 40 percent of young athletes take protein enhancements that are available in the form of meal bars and powder shakes. These supplements are ingested for muscle growth and muscle recovery. Some supplements can have harmful effects such as weight gain, muscle cramping, high blood pressure and heart conditions. Teen athletes may develop a dependency on the supplements that are taken because the body can become reliant on supplements. Over use of supplements can cause blood acidity which draws calcium from the bones and creates a decline in bone strength. Kidney stones can form from excess calcium.
Drug Abuse Trends in Ohio
Recent studies have indicated that nearly 20 million Americans over the age of 12 regularly use addictive substances. These figures represent 8.2 percent of the population and include 14.6 million current marijuana users. A national survey has indicated that this addictive substance is tried for the first time each day by as many as 7,000 individuals. This study on the use of marijuana was completed as an annual National Survey on Drug Abuse and Health and was released by the Department of Health and Human Services. Recent trends for marijuana use and other drug dependencies have not changed and the following statistical information includes information about this trend:
- A 30 percent decline in marijuana use among 12 and 13 year old young individuals has recently been evidenced by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University.
- Alcohol use among American children and adults appears to be relatively unchanged with around half of all Americans indicating that they drink regularly.
- Nearly one third of those under 21 have used alcohol within the last month.
- More than 20 million Americans qualified for alcohol and drug treatment and never received services according to a recent national drug treatment survey.
- Users indicated that a desire to continue drinking and cost of treatment services were the main barriers to receiving treatment services. Insurance barriers were cited as problems for addictive disorders as well. Most Americans with drug and alcohol problems must continue to work at a regular employment position. More than three quarters of adults who have significant drug and alcohol addiction disorders continue to be employed.
Ohio Meth Lab Seizures and Methamphetamine Use
The state of Ohio had an 83 percent increase in meth lab seizures during the period of time from 2007 through 2009 according to the El Paso Intelligence Center’s National Seizure System. Methamphetamine use has significantly increased in the United States and why this addictive substance has become popular can be understood in the following report:
Methamphetamine is a powerful and addictive type of stimulant. The use of this addictive substance has increased to a level that has been called an epidemic.
The current use of meth has become a fixture of the American drug scene and the use of this substance has been around for a significant period of time.
Recent news reports have indicated that gay men are selectively using this drug. Drug outreach programs report that their services have been available for the gay community over the past 15 years.
The use of methamphetamine began as a legitimate drug during World War II. Soldiers on all sides were given this substance to help keep them in fighting form. Doctors during the 1950’s prescribed this medication as a diet pill and antidepressant and the brand name of this medication was Methedrine. There are several street names or slang terms for methamphetamine that include ice, glass and crank. The form that is used by trending and popular crowds is a white powder or crystal substance. Meth can be swallowed or smoked, for example. The effects of a meth substance can be described in the following manner:
- Smoking or injecting meth appears to bring on an immediate and intense euphoric rush that lasts several minutes.
Other methods of ingestion cause a gradual and elevated sense of well being, increased alertness and activity and a decrease in appetite which continues for around 12 hours.
- The effects of meth are often described as being similar to those experienced while ingesting cocaine.
- Meth floods the brain with dopamine and raises blood pressure, heart rate, respiration and body temperature.
- Addictive substances always come with a high cost to an individual’s health. The effects of meth wear off and the individual is left feeling depressed, tired and irritable. Heavy use of this substance can create psychosis and paranoia. The user can experience apathy and a craving for additional ingestion of this substance.
- Recovery from meth use takes several months. Continued meth use can permanently damage the brain cells that produce dopamine and serotonin.
Illegal Drug Use in Ohio
Ohio is among the top ten states in America for illicit drug dependence. Drug addiction can be a complex problem. It has been called a chronic brain disease that compels an individual to continue to use an addictive substance after knowing it is harmful to them. Ridding an individual of an addiction is a challenge that frequently requires group support that is found through an in house treatment service. There are several trending drugs that are commonly used that include the following:
- The effects of using meth on a continuing basis are several. Meth is a powerful stimulant that can lead to a damaging addiction. Continually using this substance can produce significant damage to an individual’s mental condition and can permanently damage their physical well being. Studies have indicated that brain cells are damaged and remain permanently altered after ingesting methamphetamine. Meth has been described as being more addictive than crack cocaine, marijuana or heroin.
- Cocaine is another addictive substance that has become a significant problem for Ohio. Cocaine is ingested in a free base form called crack or crack cocaine. Individuals who use crack on a regular basis have side effects that include agitation, irritability, decreased sleep and a decreased appetite.
- GHB or gamma hydroxybutyrate can be used as a party drug and has been termed the date rape drug. It has been used to medically treat narcolepsy a sleep disorder that includes recurring day time sleep attacks. GHB has side effects that are significantly alarming and these side effects include loss of consciousness, hallucinations, amnesia and coma.
- Xanax is a legal prescription medication that is being used as a party substance. Xanax can be found in a parent’s medicine cabinet and teens are taking these drugs and ingesting them for recreational purposes. This medication is prescribed for anxiety symptoms when used legally.
- DXM or cough syrup is being ingested as a recreational substance. Teens are adding this syrup to soft drinks and candy and using this concoction as a method of experiencing a substance high.
Non Medical Use of Prescription Medications
Ohio was among the top ten states for rating in several addiction categories. The state ratings for non medical use of pain relievers was among the top ten regions in the United States. There are reports of abuse of unused or improperly used prescription medications. Xanax or alprazolam is among the prescribed medications that are trending as recreational drugs, for example. Xanax is used to medically treat panic disorder and anxiety disorders. This prescription medication has several side effects including sedation, muscle relaxing qualities and amnesic properties. The psycho active effects are usually time released but the prescribed medication can have withdrawal symptoms as well that include the following:
- Alprazolam is the most prescribed and the most misused benzodiazepine on the American market.
- Non medical users of this medication who use this substance in larger than normal doses can experience significant deterioration in alertness and can experience feelings of drowsiness.
- Driving an automobile while using Xanax should be avoided since driving requires heightened vigilance. Loss of coordination has been reported.
- Extended and prolonged use of Xanax can create slurred speech, skin rashes, amnesia and concentration problems, vertigo, fatigue and dizziness.
- Unusual reactions have been reported that include aggression, rage, tremor and restlessness.
- Over doses on this medication have included low blood pressure, fainting while standing, impaired balance and muscle weakness. Coma and death have been reported when alprazolam has been used in combination with other substances.
Deaths have been reported from the use of Xanax. Most of the alprazolam use was attributed to poly drug use or the combined toxicity of two or more drugs. Most of the death cases involved cocaine or methadone in combination with Xanax. Alprazolam by itself caused one percent of the drug related deaths.
Other Prescription Drug Use
Ohio has seen an increase in non medical use of pain relievers among young adults. OxyContin or oxycodone is a popular party drug that is being sought by the age group from 18 to 25 and this prescription pain medication is trending as a recreational substance. It is an analgesic that is usually prescribed for the relief of moderate to severe pain. This pain medication can have significant withdrawal symptoms and may become addictive. The symptoms of oxycodone withdrawal include panic attacks, muscle weakness and flu like symptoms.
Ohio has experienced a significant drug use problem that is currently ranked with the top ten states in the U.S. Non medical use of prescription medications is a current problem along with methamphetamine dependence and manufacture.