Drug Rehabs In Texas
Choosing a Texas drug rehab is difficult and may also be one of the hardest decisions to make for yourself or a loved one. Our rehab referral service is designed to assist you in finding the best treatment possible for your individual situation. We offer, at no cost to you, treatment program information for the treatment and recovery of drug and alcohol addictions.
The Need For Texas Drug Rehab
With a population of over 22 million, Texas has 254 counties that range in population. The least being 107 and the most being over 2 million. Texas is known for its oil to its agricultural beings. Texas numbers in beef leads the nation, usually exceeding 14 million head. This state attracts millions of out-of -state visitors each year. The major explored cities are Dallas, San Antonia, Houston, Fort Worth, Austin and El Paso along with many others.
Dallas/Fort Worth area’s are primarily where the drugs are distributed and transshipped. Mexican trafficking organizations are dominating the drug smuggling and transportation in Texas. The primary transshipment are for the bulk importation of major drugs including cocaine, marijuana, and meth in the Houston Field Division. Illicit transportation and drug smuggling are dominated by Colombian, Mexican, and Dominican poly drug organizations.
El-Paso/Juarez corridor is the passageway for narcotics in the major well established areas. The major highways crossing through the El Paso region are used to move significant amounts of marijuana and cocaine. Warehouses in Texas are obtained, so they can be used as common locations where they can recruit drivers from the area to transport the drugs to different places throughout the United States. Controlled substances are brought in and out of Texas by aircraft, commercial vehicles, buses, and Amtrak rail.
The distributed and transshipment area for cocaine is North Texas. It is sent by passenger vehicles and tractor trailers to the Eastern, Northern, and Midwestern United States. Narcotics are shipped directly to Texas or they will be transshipped through Mexico. Cocaine is a major drug choice among the users of New Mexico. Law enforcement authorities rank cocaine and crack cocaine as their number one drug problem in Texas. Mexican Black Tar heroin continues to be the main heroin threat in North Texas. This type of heroin is widely available throughout the northern part of Texas. The most common way heroin is smuggled in is by secret compartments in private vehicles and concealed on the person.
With its close proximity to foreign drug cartels, large rural population and urban drug culture, Texas faces a unique situation with respect to drug use, drug crimes and drug-related deaths. Abuse of prescription drugs has been on the rise in recent years with the growing popularity of codeine syrup, also known as “lean” or “purple drank.” Methamphetamine labs have transformed from sophisticated, million-dollar operations into small home labs that tend to move from place to place. Central and South American drug cartels export cocaine and cannabis to all areas of the United States, passing through Texas on their way across the Mexican border.
Drug-related deaths include accidental overdoses of illegal and prescription drugs as well as gang-related homicides. Legal drugs, such as synthetic cannabis, have caused severe brain damage and paralysis in Texas teenagers. Prescription opioids, such as Xanax and hydrocodone, have contributed to a 150-percent increase in accidental overdoses over the last 15 years. Drug cartels have committed dozens of homicides in various Texas cities, as well as abductions and other violent crimes. The major metropolitan areas in Texas, such as Houston and Dallas, tend to see the most prescription drug abuse and deaths by overdosing on these drugs, while rural and border areas see the most meth activity and cartel violence.
Current Drug-Related Issues in Texas
Since Mexico has experienced a drought recently, Texas has produced an increasing supply of high-quality, indoor-grown cannabis. Synthetic cannabis has also become a prominent drug issue in Texas as producers continue to discover new synthetic THC molecules. While cocaine use has declined in recent years, heroin has become more popular due to lower prices and younger users trying the drug. The average age of a person dying from a heroin overdose in Texas has gone down over the last five years from 40 to 36.
According to the Texas Department of State Health Services, cocaine and heroin addiction statistics in 2012 included the following:
- 5,538 cases of crack cocaine addiction
- 292 cases of intravenous cocaine addiction
- 3,310 cases of powder cocaine addiction
- 9,735 total cases of cocaine addiction
- 7,439 cases of intravenous heroin addiction
- 1,695 cases of powdered heroin addiction
- 282 cases of addiction to smoking heroin
- 9,416 total cases of heroin addiction
Opioid addiction statistics included the following:
- 193 cases of methadone addiction
- 102 cases of codeine addiction
- 3,277 cases of hydrocodone addiction
- 275 cases of hydromorphone addiction
- 323 cases of oxycodone addiction
New Ways to Become Addicted
Rap culture’s popularization of codeine syrup has caused opiate use to increase. Prescription pain killers have also become more popular with young users looking to get high from the drugs and with older users becoming addicted while prescribed the drugs by a doctor. Amphetamines, such as meth and MDMA, continue to attract a broad range of users. PCP, hallucinogens and other club drugs are used to a lesser extent.
Over the last 27 years:
- Cannabis use has remained level or increased slightly
- Synthetic cannabis use has surged in popularity and availability
- Cocaine use has decreased as prices have increased and inactive fillers have lowered potency
- Heroin use has steadily increased and gained popularity with young Hispanic users
- Prescription narcotics have become more available and contributed to a rising number of deaths in older populations
- Amphetamines use has exploded with the introduction of methamphetamine and the popularization of MDMA (Ecstasy)
- Use of psylocybin mushrooms, LSD, ketamine and other hallucinogens has remained steady or increased slightly
Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabis
According to data from the University of Texas, 26 percent of Texas middle-schoolers reported that they had tried marijuana in 2012, while 11 percent had smoked it in the previous month. Seventh graders were the least likely to have smoked marijuana in the previous month.
The popular practice of smoking cannabis from a cigar has caused an increase in marijuana use. These cigars, called “blunts,” started becoming popular among all races and ethnicities in 1993, but by 2008, they were most popular among young African Americans.
Synthetic cannabis use has increased among people on probation or in drug treatment programs to hide their drug use when taking drug tests. Since new synthetic THC compounds are continuously being discovered and used in synthetic cannabis, drug tests usually can’t detect them. While the DEA has banned known synthetic THC compounds, they continue to be available over the Internet, and their replacement compounds can be found in gas stations and smoke shops.
Heroin and Other Opioids
Texas heroin use recently grew in popularity with black tar heroin in Dallas. The slang term used to refer to the drug was “cheese heroin.” Since the mid-2000s, black tar and powdered brown heroin have spread uniformly across the state. Users seeking treatment mostly reported injecting the drug, while a minority of users reported smoking it. Smoking heroin is uncommon in Texas because the brown powdered form tends to burn too quickly to be inhaled.
Hydrocodone, oxycodone, codein and methadone make up the opioids other than heroin in circulation in Texas. Since hydrocodone is a Schedule III substance, its availability makes it more popular than oxycodone, which is a Schedule II substance. Codeine can be taken alone in liquid form or used to soak blunts or joints. Dallas is particularly known for soaking blunts in promethezine and codeine to make them stronger before they’re sold.
Texas Drug-Related Crime Statistics
Since the 1980s, Texas has enacted a number of tough drug laws meant to keep society safe from violent drug crimes. However, almost all drug arrests in Texas have resulted from low-level possession charges rather than high-level distribution charges. Drug-related incarceration has accelerated over the last 15 years, increasing by more than 30 percent since 1999. Arrests for low-level drug possession have increased by 32 percent over the same period.
Arrests of drug cartel members are dwarfed by arrests for drug possession. Since 2007, only around 400 cartel members have been arrested in Texas, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. In contrast, 125,000 people were arrested for drug possession in 2010 alone.
Costs of Incarcerating Low-Level Drug Users
While arrests for drug possession continue to increase, the intended improvements remain elusive. Texas taxpayers spend almost $700,000 per day incarcerating drug consumers. Despite these costs, many people released from Texas jails and prisons are arrested again within three years of being released. Of the two-thirds of jail inmates who were arrested after being released, 44 percent were originally arrested for drug possession. Of the one-third of jail inmates who were convicted after being released, 40 percent were convicted of drug possession.
Crimes Committed by Organized Drug Cartels
According to the Texas Department of Public Safety, only about 400 drug cartel members have been arrested in Texas since 2007, including:
- 133 members of the Gulf cartel
- 9 members of the Juarez cartel
- 165 members of La Familia Michoacana
- 103 members of Los Zetas
- 2 members of the Sinaloa cartel
- 2 members of the Knights Templar
Drug cartels are responsible for 37 murders occurring since 2009. These murders occurred in cities throughout Texas, such as:
- Zapata County
- Travis County
- San Juan
- Horizon City
- El Paso
Multiple homicides occurred in Dallas and Palmview, with most occurring in Dallas. In addition to drug-related homicides, cartels often kidnap victims and hold them for ransom in safe houses located in Texas. Cartels often stand off with Texas police, firing shots on 82 separate occasions in which 95 total police officers were involved.
Popularity of Various Drugs in Texas
According to records of federal drug seizures, marijuana is the most widely used drug in Texas, with cocaine coming in second place. The statistics for Texas drug seizures in 2001 are as follows:
- 613, 107.3 kg of marijuana
- 15,192.9 kg of cocaine
- 451.9 kg of methamphetamines
- 142 kg of heroin
In 2012, marijuana was still the most popular drug, with codeine coming in second place. Cocaine, methamphetamines and hallucinogens dropped in popularity, according to the Texas Department of State Health Services. Prescription opioids became more popular, while the popularity of illegal steroids remained level.
Over-the-Counter Drugs and Inhalants
A drug called dextromethorphan (DXM), found in over-the-counter cough syrups such as Robitussin and Coricidin, produces a popular hallucinogenic high when taken in large doses. A Texas school survey from 2004 showed that 4.3 percent of Texas middle- and high-schoolers had tried DXM, with 5.8 percent of twelfth-graders reporting that they had used DXM at some point. Only one death in Texas has been linked to DXM, occurring in 2004.
Inhalant abuse is prevalent among elementary and middle school students in Texas. Chemicals found in dusting sprays, paint and deodorant produce a short dissociative high when inhaled. Abuse of these drugs drops off as students got older, possibly because inhalant users tend to drop out of school before they can respond to later surveys.
Club Drugs and Hallucinogens
Drugs such as GHB, ketamine, LSD and PCP are used less often than other drugs but continue to attract users. GHB causes users to feel sleepy and is popular among stimulant users as a means of coming down from a cocaine or amphetamine high. GHB users may also take stimulants to stay awake while high on GHB. Ketamine is an animal tranquilizer with hallucinogenic effects in humans. Only a few cases of ketamine use have been documented over the last 15 years. LSD and PCP are somewhat more popular, with 82 documented emergency room visits linked with LSD and 212 linked with PCP.
Drug-Related Deaths in Texas
In 2013, the drug-related death rate in Texas was the eighth lowest in the nation, according to the organization Trust for America’s Health. Out of 100,000 people in the general population, just 9.6 drug users on average died from an overdose. Most drug overdose fatalities were the result of a prescription drug overdose. The overall number of Texans suffering from an overdose rose 78 percent from 1999 when the number of deaths per 100,000 people was an average of 5.4.
Texas has a lower rate of prescription drug abuse that the national average, which is 12.7 users per 100,000 people. Prescription drugs killed more people in 2013 than cocaine and heroin combined.
Middle Class Overdoses Increasing in Texas
According to the Texas Tribune, deaths among middle-class people with prescriptions to pain killers have risen more than 150 percent since 1999. Among deaths caused by bodily injury, accidental overdoses were exceeded only by suicide and car crashes.
Houston experienced the worst of the prescription pain killer overdoses, where 50 percent of all drug overdoses were caused by legal opioids, such as Xanax, hydrocodone and oxycodone. Patients taking these medications often become addicted when doctors prescribe a cocktail of drugs to treat a particularly traumatic event. Xanax is used to lessen anxiety, while Vicodin relieves pain and Soma relaxes sore muscles. High addiction rates are attributed to a lack of education on how to properly manage a prescription to multiple opioids.
For many Texans, by the time they discover they have an addiction, it’s already too late. Attempts to stop taking the drugs can result in physical withdrawal symptoms, including bowel incontinence, severe muscle cramps and anxiety attacks. A few patients resort to using heroin to lessen the symptoms.
Jane Maxwell, a research professor at the University of Texas, argued that prescription drug overdose statistics can be misleading because they contain the number of people who die from accidentally swallowing a pill. Situations such as a baby finding a pill lying on the floor and dying from swallowing it should be considered separately, she says.
The Impact of Drug Use in Texas
Certain drugs have more of an impact on Texas society than others. Two examples are codeine syrup and methamphetamines. A popular form of codeine, called promethazine, can cause respiratory depression. This side effect has led to the deaths of well-known figures in Houston and surrounding areas. Since the drug is most popular among hip-hop fans and musicians, the deaths have disproportionately affected this community. Notable musicians who have died from a reaction to codeine include DJ Screw and Pimp C. DJ Screw is the musician credited with popularizing codeine syrup through his music, and Pimp C was a highly regarded rapper from Port Arthur Texas who died in Los Angeles in 2007.
While codeine use is mostly concentrated in the large urban centers of Texas, methamphetamine use is more prevalent in the rural areas. According to Nacagdoches police officer Kent Graham, many families have taken up meth distribution a generation or two after the same families were involved in bootleg liquor distillation during prohibition. Because meth is relatively inexpensive, its popularity is driven by unemployment rates in rural areas.
Meth manufacturers can easily make the drug with a minimum of training and a small monetary investment. Since the main ingredient in older forms of meth, phenyl-2-propane, was made illegal in the 1980s, meth cooks found a new method of manufacturing the drug using ingredients readily available from most hardware and grocery stores. The new form of meth reached North Texas in the early 1990s and had spread throughout East Texas by the late 1990s.
Legal Drug Use in Texas
Other drugs that have had an impact in Texas include synthetic marijuana and a synthetic stimulant called “bath salts.” These drugs are available at gas stations and smoke shops to anyone over the age of 18 in Texas. Although they are legal, bath salts and synthetic marijuana can have severe, long-lasting effects in users and lead to addiction. The active chemical elements in both drugs have received bans from Texas lawmakers, but drug makers continue to find new, similar molecules to replace the banned substances.
Some information on bath salts:
- According to the Texas Poison Center Network, following a recent ban, monthly bath salt poisonings fell from 54 to just 3 between July and December 2011
- By June 2012, monthly bath salt poisonings had risen back to 30 due to new chemical ingredients discovered by drug makers
- Caron Texas medical director Dr. Stephen Garrison said bath salts were a problem due mainly to their addictiveness and psychoactive effects
- He explained that the real danger of bath salts is the possibility of a user entering a state of psychosis
- Bath salts and synthetic marijuana are especially popular among teens and young adults, according to officials for the DEA